About Gavrila Derzhavin’s philosophical lyrics
The author examines Derzhavin as the first Russian poet who expressed the main problems of social being. He may be considered a creator of the philosophic tradition in Russian lyric poetry. Derzhavin turned poetic creation into an esthetic phenomenon instead of a service to the czar. It became independent from monarch’s mood and political interests. Russian poetry from Pushkin to Zabolotsky used his experience.