Body in Poláček’s novels — caricature and empathy
Karel Poláček, one of the most important novelists of the Czech literature of the twenties and thirties was not considered as the writer who used somatic topics in a modern way. He was rather interested in presenting the impossibility of interpersonal communication, caused by the degeneration of language, its stereotypisation and destruction of authentic relationships between people. In Poláček’s semiotic project every human behaviour, part of the body or piece of clothing acquires its special meaning and helps the reader to recognize heroe’s character, to situate him in social structures and to evaluate his acts and words. The body (especially invalid or abnomal) is in this case the only reliable sign of personal subjectivity.